Why Do I Get Kidney Stones?
Kidney stones form when your urine has more crystals, (i.e., calcium and oxalate), than it can handle at one time. There are inhibitory substances in the urine that prevent these crystals from “sticking” together and forming a stone, but some people lack these substances and are therefore at a greater risk of forming a kidney stone.
The decrease in the level or number of inhibitors are not the only reason you may have formed a kidney stone. Alterations in your metabolism, dehydration and diets high in calcium and oxalate can contribute to the formation of stones.
What are my chances of getting another Kidney Stone?
.At least 5% of females and 12% of males will have had on episode pf kidney stone pain
by the age of 70. If you have had a kidney stone, the recurrence rate is 50-75%
WHAT CAN DO TO HELP PREVENT ANOTHER KIDNEY STONE?
FLUID INTAKE & KIDNEY STONES
Most experts recommend me a stones 24-hour will urine need of to a least produce 2 liters or 2 quarts. Some patients such as those with cystine stones will need to produce between 3 to 4 liters per day prevent stone formation.
Some important points to remember are:
3. If you purchase bottled water please check the label to ensure it is low in calcium
and sodium. Drinking hard water will not predispose you to additional kidney
4. With regard to other types of fluids, it is best to avoid large amounts of the following:
5. If you choose to drink large quantities of alcohol, it is important for you to increase your water intake as alcohol consumption can lead to dehydration and low urine volume.
6. It is important to hydrate well in the evening prior to bedtime. You should always try to consume 2 eight-ounce glasses of water between dinner and bedtime and one glass at night if you arise to urinate.
Low Oxalate Meal Plan (40-50mg)
Little or No Oxalate
< 2mg oxalate/serving
Eat as desired
Carbonated cola (12oz limit/day)
Lemonade or limeade, no peel
Wine (red, white, and rose)
Tap water (preferred for extra calcium)
Lowfat or skim milk
Lowfat yogurt with fruit, allowed Whole milk
Fish and shellfish
Grapefruit, fruit and juice Grapes, green
Cantaloupe Casaba Honeydew
Plums, green or golden gage
Peas, green, fresh , or frozen
Pasta: macaroni, noodles, spaghetti
Bacon, Butter, Margarine, Mayonnaise, Salad Dressing, Vegatable Oil
Fruit ices, Sorbets
Ice Cream, ice milk, frozen yogurt Gelatins
Jelly or preserves (with allowed fruits) Lemon, Lime juice, salt/pepper 1tsp/day, sugar
Moderate Oxalate Content
2-10 mg oxalate/serving Limit: two (1/2 C) servings/day from each of the 8 food groups
Coffee, any kind (8 oz serving) Cranbeny juice
Nescafe powder (I tsp)
Apple. Apricots, Black Currants Cherries, red sour Oranges Peaches, Alberta, canned., .Stokes Pears Pineapple
Plums, Damson Prunes, Italian
Com, sweet white, yellow
Cumcumber - Peeled
Grean peas, canned
Tomato, I small
Spaghetti, canned in tomato sauce
High Oxalate Foods 10 mg oxalate/serving
Draft beer: Stout, Guiness Draft, Lager, Tuborg, Pilsner
Juices containing berries not allowed
Ovaltine and other beverage mixes
Baked beans; canned in tomato sauce
Peanut butter Soybean curd (tofu)
Blackberries, Blueberries, Concord grapes, Currants, red Dewberries, Fruit Cocktail, Gooseberries, Grapes, Lemons, Lime, or Orange Peel, Raspberries, Rhubarb, Strawberries, Tangerine
Beans: Green washed, dried
Beets: tops, root, greens
Celery, Collards, Escarole, Kale, Leeks, Okra, Parsley, Peppers, green
Sweet Potatoes, Rutabagas, Spinach, Summer squash, Watercress
Grits, white corn, Soybean crackers, wheat germ, whole wheat.
Nuts: Almonds, Cashews, Peanuts and Peanut oil, Peacans, Walnuts, and Walnut oil.
Pepper (in excess of I tsp/day) Vegetable soup
Milk (2 or more cups)
Meat Group (Protein)
Fats & Oils
Associates in Urology of Central Florida
a division of Orlando Physician Specialists, LLC